There are different kinds of meditation techniques, including open meditation or mindfulness (paying attention to what is around you) and focused meditation (paying attention to a single thing).
Guided meditation is a type of focused meditation where you listen to someone guide you through a meditation, and will typically involve some type of progressive relaxation exercise. Meditation calms the nervous system down and can bring a reduction in stimulating brain waves and an increase in calming brain waves.
Mindfulness involves being acutely aware of our thoughts, emotions, and why we do what we do. It means being aware in the moment and paying close attention to what is happening in the ‘here and now’, instead of focusing on our past memories or future predictions.
People who meditate or practice mindfulness regularly, may show better focus, less stress and anxiety, more creativity, better health and increased memory. Meditation has been linked to larger amounts of gray matter in the hippocampus and frontal areas of the brain. More gray matter can lead to more positive emotions, increased emotional stability, and heightened focus (mindful behavior) during daily life.